Historical and Commemorative
Collection of Benjamin Weiss
ESTABLISHMENT OF THE COLONIES OF SIERRA MORENA
PRIETO, Tomas Francisco / GIL, Geronimo Antonio: Spain,
1774, Bronze, 56 mm
Charles III (1716-1788), King of Spain (1759-1788) and of
Naples and Sicily (Kingdom
of the Two Sicilies) (1735-1759) was the son of Philip V and Elizabeth Farnese.
In 1734 he conquered Naples and Sicily. Charles was an "enlightened
despot". He encouraged commercial and agrarian reform, and brought the
Spanish Catholic church under state control, expelling the Jesuits in 1767.
He allied with France in the Seven Year's War (1756-1763) against Britain
where he lost Florida but gained Louisiana. (O'Brien)