and Commemorative Medals
Collection of Benjamin Weiss
CARLO DI BORBONE, KING OF THE TWO SICILIES
SOLDANI-BENZI, Massimiliano: Italy, 1732, Bronze (cast),
Carlo di Borbone (1716-1788) was King of the Two Sicilies (1734-1759) and King of Spain (1759-1788). He was the son of Philip V of Borbone and Elizabetta Farnese.
The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies resulted from the unification of the Kingdom of Sicily with the Kingdom of Naples by King Alfonso V of Aragon in 1442. It extended over the southern part of mainland Italy and the island of Sicily. Its capital was in Naples. The Kingdom, the largest of the Italian states before Italian unification, was annexed by the Principality of Piedmont (officially known as Kingdom of Sardinia), and the name was changed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.
This medal was cast in 1732 to commemorate the arrival in Florence of the young Carlo di Borbone, to designate him as heir to the throne of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. This celebration occurred on the feast of St. John, the patron of Florence, and was officiated by Gian Gastone who acclaimed the sixteen-year-old Carlo as the legitimate successor as King of the Two Sicilies.
The medal suggests that he already has the title of grand prince of Etruria.
LINK to Map of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (from wikipedia)
LINK to another medal of Charles III, King of Spain.