Historical and Commemorative Medals
Collection of Benjamin Weiss



Furst, Moritz: USA, 1814, AE 65 mm
Bust of Brown in uniform (r) MAJOR GENERAL JACOB BROWN.
Rev. In center of trophy composed of enemy's arms and flags are Roman Fasces, emblem of the strength and of the union of America. Faces are surrounded by a crown of laurel, from which hang three cartoons, each bearing the name of one of the three victories: NIAGARA, ERIE, CHIPPEWA. Around: RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS NOVEMBER 3, 1814.
Exergue: BATTLES OF CHIPPEWA. JULY 5, 1814. NIAGARA. JULY 25. 1814. ERIE. SEP. 17 1814.
Signed: FURST. F.
Ref: Loubat 39, p. 203; Julian MI-11, p. 123; Weiss BW828

Jacob Jennings Brown was born in 1775 in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, the son of Samuel and Abi (White) Brown. In 1790 Brown graduated from the University of Pennsylvania. He began as a school teacher then a land surveyor in Ohio. He moved to New York in 1799 where he was made colonel in 1809 and a brigadier general in 1810, both positions in the New York militia. During the War of 1812 Brown distinguished himself by his defense of Sackett’s Harbor in 1813 and was appointed a brigadier general in the United States army, major general in 1814 and, in the same year, commander in chief of the Canada frontier. He distinguished himself in the Battles of Chippewa, Niagara and Erie, for which Congress awarded him a gold medal. He became commander in chief of the army in 1821.

After the war, President James Monroe made him commanding general. A major accomplishment was his reorganization of the army staff into the form it retained for the rest of the century. He advised the secretaries of war and the presidents on military policy, pushing for the establishment of two post-graduate schools for the military, the precursors of present-day staff and command colleges. Another first was his creation in 1822 of the General Recruiting Service as the first organization responsible for providing manpower for the army.

Jacob Brown died in 1828 in Washington.

A broken R in FURST and rim break from 2 to 3 o'clock, identifies this medal as having been struck from the original obverse die.

LINK to article: Medalic History of the War of 1812: Consequences to the American Indian Nations (by Benjamin Weiss)

LINK to Biography and image of Jacob Brown (from Wikipedia)