Historical and Commemorative Medals
Collection of Benjamin Weiss


ADOLPHZOON, Christoph: Netherlands, 1667, Silver, 72 mm
Hollandia, holding in her right hand a scepter terminating with an eye, and in her left a spear with seven arrows representing the seven provinces. She is trampling upon Discord (Envy) who holds a heart and snake. A lion and a lamb are at Hollandia’s feet. Behind are seen burning ships at left and undamaged ships at right, in a harbor showing the castle of Breda. MITIS ET FORTIS (Gentle and Brave)
PROCUL. HINC. MALA. BESTIA. REGNIS! (Go Away from These States, You Vicious Beast!) IUN: 22: 1667 C.A.
Peace with long flowing hair, wearing a loose talaric chiton and oak-wreath crown. In her right hand she holds a sheathed sword and in her left hand a caduceus and a cornucopia. She is trampling upon arms, a crown and a money bag. In the background is a fleet of sailing ships. Above is a celestial hand holding shields of Britain and Holland. On Ribbon: IRATO BELLUM PLACATO NUMINE PAX. EST. (War from an Angry Divinity, Peace from One Appeased).
Exergue: REDIIT. CONCORDIA. MATER. BREDÆ IUL. 31 Ao 1667. (Maternal Concord Has Returned at Breda, 31 July 1667), with the arms of Breda.
Edge: NUMISMA. POSTERITATI. SACRUM. BELGA. BRITANNOQUE. RECONCILIATIS. CUM. PRIVIL[egio]:ORDIN[um]:HOLLAND[iae]:ET.WEST[frisiae]: (Medal to posterity commemorating the appeasement of the Netherlands and Britain. By permission of the States of Holland and West Friesland.)
Ref: Van Loon II 534: MI i, 528/176; Pax in Nummis 257; MH 1921; Eimer 51/240; MCA Advisory Vol. 10, No. 5, pp.6-8; The Medal, no. 17 and no. 18, 1991, pp.10-22; Scher (Dutch Medals) 54/38;  Nomos 32; Weiss BW689

The Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda in 1667, ending the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665–1667). This war involved not only England and the United Provinces (the Netherlands) but also to a lesser extent France and Denmark. It was brought to an end, in part, when the Dutch Admiral Michiel de Ruyter broke the chains that had been placed by the English in the river Thames and destroyed the English fleet anchored at Chatham, which was subsequently burnt down.  In the Peace of Breda, the Netherlands ceded New Netherlands (now New York) to England, while England ceded Suriname (formerly known as Dutch Guiana) to the Netherlands, while leaving many other territorial disputes unresolved.

The issuance of the medal by the Dutch was surrounded in controversy as Charles II apparently took offence to the imagery of the English ships burning and the insulting inscription in the exergue of the obverse of the medal. Some even suggest that this medal was a factor in precipitating the Third Anglo-Dutch War (1672-1674), though others dispute this tenuous connection. (See commentary in the MCA Advisory and The Medal ).