Historical and Commemorative
Collection of Benjamin Weiss
LIBERATION OF PRISONERS BY CATHERINE II
WAECHTER, Georg Christian / KUCHKIN, Mikhail:
Russia, 1762/1741, Bronze, 65 mm
Obv: Bust of Catherine II (r) Legend in Cyrillic translated as:
" By the Grace of God, Catherine II Empress of All Russia"
Rev: Mercy taking chains off prisoners CLEMENTIA AVGVSTAE (By
the Mercy of the Monarch...)
Exergue: NOXIORVM VINCVLIS EXSOLVTIS . MDCCXLI. D. XV. DEC.
(...Shackles Removed from Prisoners. 1741,
Signed: WĘCHTER. F.
(Georg Christian Waechter made
it) / I.G.W. (Johann Georg Waechter) on left:
"Copied by M. Kuchkin" (in Cyrillic), on right.
Very Rare Mule: Mule, as struck, is missing from Smirnov and is
missing from Diakov.
Ref: Iversen "Unpublished and Rare Russian Medals,1874";
Obverse as Diakov part 2, 97/119.1: reverse as Diakov part 2, 48/85.3; Weiss
Catherine II (The Great) was Empress of Russia from 1762
to 1796. In the 18th century Waechter prepared an obverse die for
the medal commemorating the liberation of prisoners by Catherine after she
ascended the throne in 1762, but the reverse die was never cut, and no
medals were struck. Therefore this bust type is missing from the 1840
edition of "Collection of Russian Medals". In the 19th century,
Iversen found this earlier unknown die and published it in his 1874 edition
of "Unpublished and Rare Russian Medals". At the same period some medals
were struck from that die in combination with the reverse die of the
Liberation of Prisoners by Elizabeth in 1741 (see above). After some mules
mentioned above were struck, the Waechter obverse die was passed to the
Hermitage collection. That is why it is missing from the Smirnov catalog of
1908 as well, which describes the dies kept at the mint at that period.
(from Dmitry Alexandrov)
of Medals from Imperial Russia (Yale University)