NAVAL VICTORY AT GRONHAMM
M. K.: Russia, 1720, Bronze, 61 mm
Obv: Bust of Peter I (r): Legend in Cyrillic translated as "God Bless Peter the First, Tzar and Ruler of Russia"
Rev: View of ships at battle: Legend in Cyrillic translated as "Diligence and Bravery are Superior to Strength"
Exergue: Legend in Cyrillic
Signed: M. K
Ref: Sm 208a; Reichel 1383 var; Iversen 53/1; Europese Penningen # 2013
This was another important victory at sea over the Swedish fleet. Two
hundred medals, smaller than this, were also issued in silver and were
given to officers who participated in the battle.
Following the death of Peter in 1725, there was a great turnover of Russian leaders. Catherine I ,who succeeded him to the throne on his death became Empress of Russia in1725. Just two years later in 1727 she herself was succeeded to the throne by Peter II (grandson of Peter the Great and Russian Tsar from 1727 to 1730). Peter II died of small pox on the day of his wedding in 1730 and was succeeded by Anna Ivanova, the niece of Peter the Great and daughter of Ivan V, the half-brother of Peter the Great. On the death of Anna in 1740, Ivan VI, the great nephew and adopted son of Empress Anna was proclaimed Emperor when he was only eight weeks old. In 1741 a coup d'etat took place and the tsarevna Elizabeth (the daughter of Peter the Great and Catherine I) was given the throne. Elizabeth (1709-1762) remained on the throne until her death in 1762, at which time she was succeeded by her nephew, Peter III, who died later that year, perhaps by murder. On his death Catherine II (The Great) ascended to the throne.
LINK to Collection of Medals from Imperial Russia (Yale University)