Historical and Commemorative
Collection of Benjamin Weiss
TSAR ALEXIUS MIKHAILOVICH, BIRTH OF PETER THE GREAT
?: Russia, ca.1775, Lead, 67 mm
The Romanov Dynasty consisted, in chronological order, of the following: Michael (from 1613-1645) was succeeded by his son Alexis Mikhailovich (1645-1676), then by Alexis' three sons, Theodor (1676-1682), Peter I (The Great) (1682-1725), and Ivan V, who, from 1682 to1696, shared the throne with Peter. Following the death of Peter the Great, the throne went to Peter's wife Catherine I (1725-1727), then to one of Peter the Great's grandsons, Peter II (1727-1730). He was followed by Ivan V's daughter Anne (1730-1740), then for a brief period by Ivan VI (1740-1741), the grandson of Ivan V. He was followed by Elizabeth (1741-1761), the daughter of Peter I. On Elizabeth's death in 1761, Peter III, another grandson of Peter I ascended to the throne for a brief period (1761-1762), at which time Catherine II (the Great) became Empress of Russia (1762-1796). Catherine was succeeded by her son Paul (1796-1801), then by Paul's three sons, Alexander I (1801-1825), Constantin (1825), and Nicholas I (1825-1855). Nicholas I was succeeded by his son Alexander II (1855-1881), then by his son, Alexander III (1881-1894), and finally by his son, Nicholas II (1894-1917), the last of the Romanov dynasty.
Alexius (Alexis, Alexei) Mikhailovich (1629-1676), Tsar of Muscovy
(1645-1676) was the son of Tsar Michael Romanov. By his second wife, Natalia
Kirilowna, shown on the medal, Alexius fathered Peter I (The Great). Alexius
established a code of laws that sustained serfdom in Russia until the 19th
century, at which time Tsar Alexander II emancipated the serfs (see
Alexander II to the City of London in the section on Medals Struck by the
Corporation of the City of London).
LINK to Collection of Medals from Imperial Russia (Yale University)
LINK to Russian History in Medals: Peter the Great by Olga Less (from ANS magazine)