Collection of Benjamin Weiss
VICTORIES OF PRINCE MAURICE OF SAXONY, MARSHAL OF FRANCE
DASSIER, Jean and Jacques-Antoine: France, 1747, Bronze, 54 mm
Hermann Maurice, Comte de Saxe (Maurice, Count of Saxony) (Moritz von Sachsen) (1696-1750), French marshal, was one of the greatest military commanders of the eighteenth century. He was the illegitimate son of Augustus II (The Strong) of Poland. Saxe served with distinction against the Poles in the War of the Polish Succession and later in the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). He won a spectacular victory over the Austrians at the Battle of Fontenoy. Further victories secured French control of the Austrian Netherlands. In 1747 Louis XV gave him the title of Marshal General of France. The title and victories over the Austrians are the events likely commemorated by this medal. In 1732 Saxe wrote a classic study of the art of war, Mes RÍveries, which was published posthumously in 1757.
The inscription on the obverse of the medal refers to him as Marshal of France; the remainder of the inscription refers to his title of Duke of Courland, although he was unable to retain this title.
LINK to portrait and biography of Maurice, Comte de Saxe (from Web Gallery of Art)