Collection of Benjamin Weiss
PEACE WITH ALGIERS
ROETTIERS, Joseph / MOLART, Michel: France, 1684, Bronze,
This medal celebrates the subjugation of the pirates of Algiers by the French fleet. A major military figure in the enterprise was Abraham Marquis Duquesne (1610-1688), a French naval officer, born at Dieppe in 1610. At one point in his career, Duquesne had to encounter the united fleets of Spain and Holland under the command of the celebrated Admiral de Ruyter. After several battles, in which the advantage was generally on the side of the French, a decisive engagement took place (1676), when the Dutch fleet was totally routed and de Ruyter mortally wounded. The greater part of the defeated fleet was afterwards burned and the French thus secured the undisputed command of the Mediterranean. For this important service Duquesne received a letter of thanks from Louis XIV, together with the title of marquis. For some years Duquesne was occupied in endeavors to suppress piracy in the Mediterranean. His last achievements were the bombardment of Algiers in order to effect the deliverance of the Christian captives.