Historical and Commemorative Medals
Collection of Benjamin Weiss

 

LOUIS XIV: SIEGE OF MONS

Roettier, Joseph: France, 1691, Bronze, 73 mm
Obv:
Bust (r) LVDOVICVS. MAGNVS. REX. CHRISTIANISSIMVS.
Rev:
Winged Victory seated among weapons of war, reading an inscription on shield. Beyond is a mountain with town at the base of the mountain and a road leading to another town above. HOSTE. ALPIBVS. ET. HIEME. SVPERATIS.
Exergue: MONSMELIANVS. EXPVGN. M.DC.LXXXXI. .D.
Signed: R
Ref: Medaille du Temp Louis XIV, 239 (variant)

The Siege of Mons, March 15-April 10, 1691, which took place in the Spanish Netherlands, was a major operation fought during the Nine Years' War (1688–97) -- often called the War of the Grand Alliance or the War of the League of Augsburg -- which pitted France against the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the United Provinces. It was the main French objective for the 1691 campaign in the Spanish Netherlands.

As the medal indicates, the city was besieged and captured by the French. This did not greatly affect the overall war, however, as neither the French army of King Louis XIV nor the forces of the Grand Alliance under King William III could bring about a decisive battle. After the siege, the duc de Boufflers bombarded the neutral city of Liege, while the duc de Luxembourg captured Halle, and scored a minor victory against the Prince of Waldeck at the Battle of Leuze. Strategically, nevertheless, little had changed in the war, and both combatants returned to winter quarters at the end of the campaigning season.

The Nine Year’s War ended with the Treaty of Ryswick, signed in 1697. This treaty, among other things, led to Louis XIV recognizing William III of Orange as King of England, Scotland and Ireland.

LINK to Siege of Mons (wikipedia)

LINK to Image of Louis XIV at the Siege on Mons (wikimedia)

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