Historical and Commemorative Medals
Collection of Benjamin Weiss


CROKER, John: England, 1707, Silver, 70 mm
Obv: Bust of Anne (l), crowned, wearing a brooch of St. George and the Dragon    ANNA. DEI. GRATIA. MAG: BRITAN: FRA: ET. HIB: REGINA.
Rev: Statue of Anne, as Pallas, armed with spear and shield of Medusa    NOVAE. PALLADIVM. TROIAE. (The Palladium of the New Troy)
Signed: not signed but believed to be by John Croker
Ref: MI ii, 298/115; van Loon IV, 349; Eimer 69/423;  Thoyras I, 8;  Harding 38;  Weiss BW588

Although van Loon suggests this medal relates to Anne’s accession to the throne in 1702, and Thoyras  writes that it refers to Anne, as Queen of Great Britain, serving as a protector of the Dutch, the device on the reverse indicates that it commemorates the Union of England and Scotland in 1707. Anne is depicted as a palladium (a sacred object having the power to preserve a city or state, in this case England and Scotland). She is considered to be like the statue of Pallas, which protected Troy so long as it remained within its walls (M.I.).

Uniting the kingdoms of Scotland and England had been proposed for centuries, but the Scots feared that if joined to England it would suffer that same fate that Wales had some four hundred years earlier, in that it would lose much of its independence. However, England continued to press the issue as they were afraid that the Scots might side with France in wars between France and England.  After offering financial incentives and a degree of independence, wherein Scotland kept its legal and religious systems but lost much of its sovereignty, the Scottish members of parliament finally voted for the Union. As a result, their parliament was dissolved, and in 1707 England and Scotland became one country with one flag. This unpopular decision among many Scots was recorded in verse by Robert Burns who wrote that they (the Scottish MP's) were "bought and sold for English gold".


LINK to Acts of Union 1707 (from wikipedia)

LINK to text of Article of Union between Scotland and England (from Parliament.uk)

LINK to painting England, Scotland and Minerva by Peter Paul Rubens (from Museum of the Goddess Athena)