and Commemorative Medals
Collection of Benjamin Weiss
GUSTAVUS II ADOLPHUS: VICTORY AT THE BATTLE OF
DADLER, Sebastian: Sweden, 1632, Silver, 57 mm
Gustavus II Adolphus (1594-1632), King of Sweden, was the eldest son of Charles IX and Christina, daughter of Adolphus, duke of Holstein-Gottorp. He was raised as a devout Protestant and throughout his life fought many battles in defense of the faith. Although he considered his fellow Protestants in Germany as God's people, and himself as their divinely appointed deliverer, his first allegiance was to Sweden. Accordingly, he entered the Thirty Years' War in order to prevent the emperor's imperial forces, led by Count Johann von Tilly, general of the Catholic League, and Albrecht von Wallenstein, commander of all the armies of the Holy Roman Empire, from acquiring Baltic ports and building up a sea-power dangerous to Scandinavia. An historic battle took place at Breitenfeld in 1631 where, despite getting little help from his Saxon ally, Gustavus, as the head of the Swedish-Saxon forces, routed Tilly's army. The following year another battle took place between Gustavus and the imperial army at Lutzen; here, although the Swedish army defeated the imperial army, Gustavus was killed.
This medal was created for the Saxon court, perhaps to commemorate the death of the Swedish King, which occurred in 1632, following the victory of the Swedish forces at the Battle of Lutzen.
For more on the Thirty Years' War, see Link to World History by Alexander Ganse.
LINK to Gustavus Adolphus (from Wikipedia)